Was This Atlantis?|
Examination of the possible location and the reason of its disappearance.
efore answering the question “Was this Atlantis”,
we should realize that many people will say NO! There will be many
people who have seen a television documentary,
read a book, consulted a document, which claims to have found
Atlantis, as many scientists before them and others who follow in
claiming to have found Atlantis in turn here, there and elsewhere.
Because the esteem that many people have in a professor, an
archaeologist or a scientist, is generally proportional to the social
status that the person holds in society. Myself, as the author of
this book, I spent a lot of time examining the different findings,
but there are so many that we cannot list them in this book without
making it boring. I don't want to offend persons of good reputation,
but I think it's appropriate to follow an argument as this industrial
Heinrich Schliemann did when he sought the city of Troy. If we
consider these three clues found in the Atlantic
Ocean as mentioned previously, the words of
Plato, then adjust the level of the ocean floor of the North
Atlantic, we get a large island in the middle of it, as the image
illustrates. It will, on the other hand, not be very easy to find
something there. This area is actually a very deep and to go to look
for archaeological excavations of a submarine Pompeii is no fun and
may become very costly.
It's for this reason that we cannot envisage a comprehensive and
systematic sweep of the Mid-Atlantic. To understand the
difficulties, it must be remembered that the area to look up, as the
picture on the previous page shows, is 1'500 km by 3'000 km,
or 450 million hectares. If we have four dives per hectare at least
to look, we get one billion eight hundred million dives, each costing
up to one hundred thousand Euro! We can remind ourselves the trouble
we had to find the Titanic, from which we were fully aware of where
it had sunk. It's necessary to imagine the sight of such a deep sea
diving gear. There is no daylight down there and the visibility
itself is that of a foggy day: twenty meters at most.
This contrasts with an area like the Grand Banks of the Bahamas,
to cite an example, where access is very easy for amateurs and
professional divers. This area is very popular for scuba diving,
because of the clear water and limited depth. It's for this reason
that a large quantity of findings were made at this location. Which
is normal, the more you try, the more you find.
The reason why we have not yet found something in the middle of
the Atlantic Ocean, is simply due to the fact that this area is not
very accessible for professionals, and completely inaccessible to
amateurs. We can therefore conclude that the findings made in this
area remain hazardous. These findings are discovered only by those
who got across it accidentally by searching for other things and
But claiming that Atlantis could never been found there because we
simply did not look for what was in this place, is going too far.
Atlantis is certainly there, just look. Simply lay all the clues end
to end to get a picture of Atlantis. We may need to stop assuming
things, putting aside national claims and do that what this German
industrialist, Heinrich Schliemann, had done in the late 19th
century, seeking the city of Troy, by starting to look there where
the Legend says Atlantis should be.
Since the time I study the question of Atlantis, I am frequently
asked why there were no more traces and writings on Atlantis.
Let's thus start with the traces, we know from the dialogues of
Plato that the events are looking back for at least 12'000 years,
then, considering the few traces that remain to this day of the
Romans, we should not be expecting to find many things of an era six
times longer back in time. The only places that seem to have
preserved traces of ancient civilizations, are precisely those areas
that have been submerged by the melting ice of the Ice Age, ie the
sea less than 130 meters. For traces of Atlantis itself, we must
still ask the question: have we really looked at the right place?
Because it's easy to understand that we might not find something
there where it's not. We should already start looking in the right
place. To understand the second reason of so little evidence, simply
read the description of the destruction itself. According to Plato
all that remains of the island Atlantis, are small islands like the
bones of a wasted body. In any case, this kind of sentence says it
all. We don't risk to find much.
The second point, (the writing) goes in the same direction as the
archaeological findings: the more an event
is distant in time, the lesser a paper trail will exist. Regarding
the Atlanteans, it seems to have been a society already well advanced
at both cultural and technical level. It's therefore not excluded
that there have been some of them who knew what would happen. But
where to hide all this knowledge? Put yourself in their place! It
seems clear that the dialogues of Plato may be incomplete. Either
that Plato had not finished, or, more likely, that a part had been
destroyed. But yes, each civilization believes that their culture is
the best and systematically destroys that what it deems as heretical
writings. Replacing it immediately with the history and culture
forged to their image. We could as such assist in an indirect way to
the destruction of the library of Alexandria by Caesar and the Muslim
armies and the destruction of the archives of the Maya by men of
Hernán Cortes and his bishop. Then we can bet that some of
the dialogues of Plato have also been destroyed in the same way.
Then it's well known that Plato was often at odds with his
contemporaries, I believe that he failed to be sentenced to death.
It's therefore quite conceivable that some of his dialogues have been
destroyed, because contrary to the scientific and cultural beliefs of
the time. It's maybe a chance that the dialogues that we have today
had not been destroyed by the Catholic
Church in the Middle Ages. Because at the time, it was enough to say
that the Earth was round and revolved around the sun and itself, to
reach another world and see your soul purified by fire.
Culture and Population:
already seen that there are two different visions of Atlantis, even
three if we include the regressions of Mr Bernard and Mr Duboy.
There is the official version, “translated” and
told by the Egyptian priests to Solon, and the version seen by the
people, described by Mr Edgar Cayce in his readings. The version of
Plato gives us a vision of a society that has many similarities with
the society of Greece and ancient Egypt. By putting these three
visions alongside each other, we get an image that looks strangely
like ancient Egypt. Then we can assume that we find there a bit of
Indian society also. The dialogues of Plato, which were apparently
the official versions, show a polytheistic religion, like the Greeks
and Egyptians had. The testimony of Mr Bernard and Mr Edgar Cayce
also describe us that a part of Atlantean society was clearly
monotheistic: this part was composed, according to Mr Cayce, of
ancestors of the Jewish people of today. (Reading
1007-3) If we read well some of the readings of Mr Edgar
Cayce, we can see that he sometimes talks about that what he calls
“things”. Although some of the esoteric milieu
wants to see in these things half-animal – half-human beings,
as in Greek mythology, a careful examination of the Cayce readings,
does not allow us to conclude that this was the case. It seems that
these things were indeed humans treated like animals, a sort of lower
caste, or a caste of untouchables as in India of today. We don't
need to go further down then in the nineteenth century or just before
to see that our farmers and workers of that time weren't treated much
Even if the race of Neanderthals has
disappeared 29'000 years before Christ, the stories of Cayce could
suggests us that these “things” might have been
belonging to this race. It's obviously very tempting to keep a good
worker and obedient race to do the dirty work, that what we leave
today voluntarily up to immigrant workers. It's in any case that
what could have justified the classification “things”,
due to the quite different physical aspect of this race.
We saw earlier that the island Atlantis must still have had a size
of at least a thousand by two thousand kilometers. Atlantis then was
divided into ten sections, with a organization
of state resembling very close a confederation. In addition, Plato's
tales, Maya myths and Cayce readings, permit us to estimate the
enumeration of the population. These stories don't, unfortunately,
allow us to know how the political organization was. The dialogues
of Plato describe us a hereditary monarchical autocracy. But if we
take into account the habits of the Guanches, supposed survivors of
Atlantis, it's possible that some states of Atlantis had, like them,
a system of elected leaders, as confirm us the regressions of Mr
Duboy et Mr Bernard.
Some characteristics of Atlantis:
- 3 million square kilometers.
- Federation of ten states, including one over-covering the other nine
- They politically and militarily controlled the Mediterranean, the Yucatan, the islands of the Gulf of Mexico and possibly other regions.
- Over 64 million inhabitants.
- Main city, Poseidon, ± 2'000'000 inhabitants.
- 92% of people living in the countryside.
- 25 million people in the plain of the main state. (60'000 districts of 138 hectares each.)
- An army of militia or conscripts, with 1'260'000 men.
- Two religions, a monotheistic and polytheistic.
- A society very focused knowledge, science and culture.
- They had towards the end of their life a technology superior to our own.
- They knew a source of energy of which we know nothing so far.
What would the landscape of Atlantis? No one would know, unless
Atlantis comes back at the surface as Cayce had predicted. But by
inspecting the terrain, we can still look here and there for a
similar configuration. The region of the main city of Poseidon (or
Poséida according to Cayce), with its plain of 350 km by
220 km and his mountains in the north, makes us think of the
plain of the River Po in northern Italy. Except that northern Italy,
without the boot thus, is two times smaller. But it still gives an
impression of the size and configuration of the land.
For agriculture, the fields would probably have been irrigated as
the Indians of South America did and as the men of the desert still
do, fields surrounded by small canals, where irrigation water flows.
It's interesting to note that Valaisans, ie the inhabitants of the
Rhone Valley, the Valais in Switzerland,
had a similar system, which was still in use at the time that I lived
there. They call these channels “Bisses”. There
is one which is kept in state for tourism and is worth visiting.
This Bisse is called “Bisse de Savièse” and
is open to the public. People experiencing vertigo refrain! Another
one we can visit hiking, is the “Bisse de Nandaz”.
The rest of the country was quite mountainous, with a huge volcano
of over 5'000 meters in the middle of the country. Which makes us
think a little of the Japanese islands, which has also this kind of
field configuration, with a large volcano in the middle of the
country, which is moreover regarded as a sacred mountain. Atlanteans
too, seem to have had the notion of sacred mountain, they were in any
case having sacrifices at the top of the mountain, where burned
eternal a fire.
The configuration of the main city, with the three rings of
canals, is not very surprising in itself. We must not forget that
all cities had a defense system, some built walls, others a water
defense where they used the earth to build a wall between the channel
and the citadel. But like all cities, it grows and so it should move
outwards its defenses. Most have had filled the old channel, but
there are cities that had then converted these defense channels into
a seaport. The city of Amsterdam had done so in the past and now we
have the famous “Grachten”, which were in the
sixteenth and seventeenth century first of all defenses of the city,
to become then seaports thereafter. It would probably be the same
for the main city of Atlantis. First defenses with a fortress for
the kings and priests and then gradually other defenses for the
population which came to live in the neighborhood. Then it seems
that Atlanteans had not filled the old channels, but had, as the city
of Amsterdam would do after them, used them as a seaport.
The main city of Atlantis, which was probably called like his
legendary creator, Poseidon, should, if we add up all distances, have
had a size of fourteen kilometers, with the administration city, the
kings and the central government in the center. Then the wealthy and
important people followed by the rest of the people of the city.
This type of image of a city would not be too different from European
cities today. We can also superimpose the main city of Atlantis,
Poseidon, and Paris, to find that Poseidon goes a kilometer beyond
the Paris ring road on all sides. We can thus form an idea of the
importance of this city, especially if we bear in mind that the city
of Paris had in 2004 about two million inhabitants at roughly the
Were the Atlanteans of the same race as us or not? We can not
verify this today. But by reading all the myths and even the Bible,
Atlanteans may have been a race with a life expectancy much greater
than ours. A life expectancy of up to 900 or even 1000 years, which
obviously gives them a distinct advantage. With such longevity, they
could better focus on education and training and, unlike our today's
politicians and businessmen, also plan for the long term. Perhaps
this was their vision to be regarded as gods by other less advanced