Was This Atlantis?|
Examination of the possible location and the reason of its disappearance.
Our planets, the Sun and the Moon.
Earth has, apart from the Moon and the Sun, a number of companion
planets, from which the most known are since the age of time: Venus,
Mars and Jupiter. The latter are thus in all astrological and
religious cults. As we all know, the planets Mercury, Saturn, Uranus
and Neptune, and the mini planet Pluto were discovered much later.
Only a few clay tablets are exceptions, including those that show a
Sun with ten planets. The former were not only aware of our solar
system, but had already promoted the asteroid “Ceres”
of being a planet. We have done this too, not long ago, by degrading
the status of Pluto from planet to mini planet and offering “Ceres”
the promotion from asteroid to mini planet. We find ourselves using
this new classification with a solar system having eleven planets,
including three mini planets, where it should be remembered that one
of the latest discoveries was named after a figurine of a television
series named “Xena.” This mini globe has since
received the official name of “Eris”, which also
has, like Pluto does, a moon.
is obviously our main star. The Sun contains in itself more than 99%
of the total mass of the solar system and which is 328'900 times that
of Earth. It has an instable orbit of about 226 million years around
the center of our galaxy and travels around it with a speed of 217
km / sec at a distance of around 25'000 light years. Its
average density is 1.4 kg/dm3 and the density at the
center is 150 kg/dm3. The gravity at its surface is
twenty-eight times that of Earth. The surface temperature is 5'500°
Centigrade and at the center 14'000'000°. Then it takes 617
km / sec to escape its gravity. The Sun is composed
primarily of hydrogen with 24.85% of helium and still some other
elements, including oxygen, carbon, iron, neon, nitrogen, silicon,
magnesium and sulfur.
Moon is, as we all know, a satellite of the Earth. It makes a
complete revolution in 27.32 days, turning the same face to Earth.
We can see the full moon every 29.53 days, because it has to do a
little more than one complete revolution to be in front of us again.
The Moon is at an average distance of 384'403 km of the Earth and
rotates with a speed of 1.03 kilometers per second around it, its
size is 27% of the Earth and its mass is 1.22 % of that of the Earth.
planet Mercury is the first planet from the Sun. It revolves around
the Sun in 87 days and 15 hours at a distance of 0.39 AU
and its mass is 6% of the Earth. Its orbital velocity, the highest
of all the planets, is 47.89 km / sec. It's not great
either, because it measures just 39.4% of the size of the Earth.
Moreover, a day on Mercury is longer than on Earth, ie 1'408 hours.
Then to spend a day on this planet, which always turns the same face
towards the sun, we will face very strong changes in temperature from
427° centigrade side to the Sun and minus 173° on the
far side. It should be noted that the planet Mercury has virtually
no atmosphere, even if traces of hydrogen and helium have been found
planet Venus is the second planet in our solar system. It revolves
around the Sun in 226 days and 7 hours at a distance of 0.72 AU
with a speed of 35 km / sec. Its mass is 82% of the Earth.
It is slightly smaller than Earth (95%). A day on Venus lasts
significantly longer than on Earth because it's 5'832 hours or 243
days! In addition to these very long days, the planet Venus has
other peculiarities, one of which is the surface temperature, which
is 453° Centigrade with a pressure of 90 bar and an
atmosphere composed mainly of carbon dioxide with 3 % nitrogen and
very little water and mostly dust. Another curiosity of Venus is
that it's the only planet that rotates on itself in the opposite
direction of others!
planet Mars is the fourth planet of our solar system. It revolves
around the Sun in 686 days and 15 hours at a distance of 1.52 AU with
a speed of 24 km / sec. Its mass is 11% of the Earth.
It's much smaller than the Earth because its size is 53% of the
Earth. A Martian day is, however, about the same as on Earth, ie
around 24 hours. The surface temperature on Mars ranges from 37°
to minus 123° Centigrade. The atmosphere at very low pressure is
about the same as Venus, mostly carbon dioxide with 3% nitrogen, 1.6%
argon, a little water and a little dust, mainly iron oxide. Its
density is a special feature, while the other planets, Mercury, Venus
and Earth have a density roughly similar ± 5.4 kg/dm3,
Mars has a density of 3.95 kg/dm3, which is significantly
lower than the other three. We can therefore assume that the iron
core, like the Earth has one, is absent, or at least very small.
Mars also has two moons, which are also fairly modest in size.
planet Jupiter is the fifth planet of our solar system and is the
first of the four gas giants. It's not only the first of the giants,
but also the largest of all the planets. It revolves around the sun
in 11 years and 314 days at a distance of 5.2 AU with a speed of 13
km / sec. Its mass is 317 times that of Earth. It rotates
around its axis rather quickly, as it completes a lap in 9 hours
and 55 minutes. Its surface temperature is 153° Centigrade below
the freezing point and it has no solid surface. We are up today not
certain whether the planet Jupiter contains a solid core, other than
crystallized hydrogen and helium under enormous pressure at the
center. Jupiter, where we can hardly speak of atmosphere is composed
primarily of hydrogen with 10% helium and 0.7% methane. Its average
density is, in despite the fact that it is mainly composed of gas,
1.3 kg/dm3. The planet Jupiter has some peculiarities,
which it shares with other major giants. The first feature is his
famous eye, the red task, which turns out, after checking with
satellites, to be a storm lasting for
several thousand years having a size as large as Earth. Another
feature that it shares with Jupiter, is that Saturn has rings,
running for an unknown reason in a perfect synchronous way around it.
These rings, of a width of 7'000 km, is primarily a feature of
Saturn, but Jupiter and Uranus also have, even if they remain
invisible from Earth. These rings can only be observed with a
satellite in the vicinity. Jupiter has, like any great planet has,
moons, more than twenty-eight where some of them are the subject of
planet Saturn is the sixth planet in our solar system and is the
second of the four gas giants. It's not only the second giant, but
also the second largest of all the planets. It revolves around the
Sun in 29 years and 168 days at a distance of 9.5 AU with a
speed of 9.6 km / sec. Its mass is 95 times that of Earth.
It rotates around its axis as quickly as Jupiter, because it makes a
turn in 10 hours and 15 minutes. Its surface temperature is minus
185° Centigrade and it has as Jupiter no solid surface. We are
to date not certain whether Saturn contains, like Jupiter, a solid
core, other than crystallized hydrogen and helium under enormous
pressure at the center. Saturn, like Jupiter, where we can hardly
speak of atmosphere, is primarily composed of hydrogen with 3% helium
and 0.05% methane. Its average density is, in despite the fact that
it's mainly composed of gases, 0.7 kg/dm3. It shares
the distinction of Jupiter to have rings, which are the only ones to
be visible from Earth. These rings look, like the one of the planet
Jupiter, to rotate for some unknown reason in a perfectly synchronous
way around Saturn. Saturn has, like Jupiter, moons, thirty of them.
planet Uranus is the seventh planet of our solar system and is the
third of four gas giants and is the smallest of the four. It
revolves around the Sun in 84 years and 4 days at a distance of 19.2
AU with a speed of 6.8 km / sec. Its mass is 14.5 times
that of Earth. It rotates around its axis more slowly than Jupiter,
because it makes a turn in 17 hours and 14 minutes. Its surface
temperature is 214° Centigrade below the freezing point and it
has as Jupiter no solid surface. Like Jupiter, we do not know if
Uranus has a solid core, other than crystallized hydrogen and helium.
Uranus, like Jupiter, where we can hardly speak of an atmosphere, is
composed primarily of hydrogen with 15% helium and 2% methane. Its
average density is, in despite the fact that it is mainly composed of
gases, 1.3 kg/dm3. It shares the distinction of
Jupiter to have rings, which are, like Jupiter, invisible from Earth.
Uranus has as it should be twenty-four moons.
planet Neptune is the eighth planet in our solar system and is the
fourth and most distant of the four gas giants. It revolves around
the Sun in 164 years and 289 days at a distance of 30 AU with a
speed of 5.4 km / sec. Its mass is 17.1 times the
Earth. It rotates around its axis more slowly than Jupiter, because
it makes a turn in 16 hours and 3 minutes. Its surface temperature
is minus 225° Centigrade and it has as Jupiter no solid surface.
We do also not know if Neptune, like Jupiter, has a solid core, other
than crystallized hydrogen and helium. Neptune, like Jupiter, where
we can hardly speak of an atmosphere, is composed primarily of
hydrogen with 25% helium and 1% methane. Its average density is, in
despite the fact that it is mainly composed of gases, 1.7 kg/dm3.
It shares with Jupiter and Saturn to have rings, which are, like
Jupiter, not visible from Earth. And as all big planets, it also has
Pluto and Eris:
mini planets Pluto and Eris, rather small because they are barely a
fifth of the Earth, are located at a distance of 39.5 AU and
97 AU from the Sun. They both have a moon. Then they have,
because of their remoteness, rather long orbits. The one of Pluto is
248 years and 560 years for Eris. Even if we don't know the surface
temperature of Eris, that Pluto is rather low, minus 236°. We
don't know if they have an atmosphere. Perhaps that Pluto would have
an atmosphere composed of methane and nitrogen, but this is not clear
at this time.
from Pluto and Eris, we still found other mini-planets in a size of
two-thirds of Pluto at a distance of 52 AU, with orbits ranging
from 285 years to 307 years. These two mini-planets have yet
received the very poetic names of “2003EL61” and
Asteroids and comets:
over one hundred forty thousand objects that have, for the most part,
their orbits between the planets Mars and Jupiter. We don't know to
this day if a planet had never formed there, or if all these objects
are the debris of a destroyed planet. It's quite conceivable that
it's the gravity of the planet Jupiter which has prevented the
formation of an additional planet. While most asteroids have a very
distant orbit of the Earth, there are others whose orbit crosses
regularly those of other planets. It's
only a matter of time and circumstances that an accident will occur.
It's for this reason that we should not overlook the importance of a
planetary alignment, such as those at the time of the destruction of
Comets are objects similar to asteroids, with the only difference that
comets are objects of an area that we call the ring of Kuiper better
known as “Kuiper Belt”. Most items in this area
never leave the area, but some, like a number of asteroids, have
rather asymmetric orbits which cross the orbits of the planets at
intervals ranging from less then a hundred to several thousand years.
We have seen an example of such an encounter, with the crash of
comet Shoemacher-Levy on Saturn. The impact generated by this event
was as big as the Earth itself. The danger of these objects lies in
the fact that we don't know them. The great danger of such objects,
which are emerging from time to time, without that we can measure the
details of their orbits, is that the time required to calculate their
trajectories is very limited. In addition, the chance that one of
them could score the bull's eye is only a matter of time, or
circumstances, such an alignment of planets.